Colon cancer is also known as rectal, colorectal or bowel cancer. It mainly affects the colon (the large intestine). This comprises of the lower part of the digestive system. Colon cancer is rated among the most common types of cancer affecting people in the US where it is estimated that over 140,000 people are diagnosed every year.
In fact, according to the statistics from American Cancer Society, about one in every 20 Americans is at risk of developing this type of cancer in their lifetime. Cases of colon cancer begin as noncancerous clumps of the cells and later becomes cancerous as cancer develops further over time. The noncancerous clumps are known as polyps.
What causes colon cancer?
The cause of colon cancer is yet to be determined. However, certain factors and practices increase your risk. The various factors include family history, aging, excessive drinking, diabetes, a sedentary lifestyle, high-fat diet, radiation therapy, inflammatory intestinal conditions and a low fiber diet.Some of the mentioned factors are avoidable; they can be controlled thus reducing the risk. Such include adopting a healthy lifestyle and diet.
Here are the best ways that can help to control colon cancer.
You should try to get rid of the extra weight, especially around the
waist region. This reduces the development of colon cancer. Studies and research that have been done indicate that obese and overweight people are at high risk of getting colon cancer. A higher body mass index is also linked to rectal cancer and other chronic diseases like heart diseases, type 2 diabetes, and strokes.
Obese people and those having extra fat around their waist are advised to take a healthier diet and do some exercises for at least thirty minutes in a day to help you in controlling your weight. You should aim to lose the extra weight slowly.
Drinking less alcohol
If you want to avoid or prevent cancer, you are advised to take less alcohol or stop drinking altogether. Alcohol is also known for causing cancers of the liver, breast, mouth, esophagus, throat, and larynx cancer. Excessive consumption of alcohol damages the body tissues. This alters the DNA structure of the cells which gradually leads to cancer.
Besides, alcohol can also be converted into a chemical called acetaldehyde by the bacteria fond within the colon. This compound or chemical contributes to the development of cancer.
By eating fiber-rich foods
You should increase your fiber intake. This will help in reducing the risks associated with cancers of the throat, mouth, prostate, colon and esophageal cancers. A study that was conducted and published in 2005 revealed that increased fiber intake helps in decreasing the risks of rectal or colorectal cancer. Foods rich in fiber include oats, strawberries, beans, raw cabbage, whole grains, apples, quinoa, legumes and whole-wheat products.
A sedentary lifestyle is one of the main causes of colon cancer. Physical inactivity of the body is linked with the risks of some cancers such as endometrial, lung cancer, and colon cancer along with obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Regular exercises are recommended for a healthy body. The activities include cycling, dancing, running brisk walking and gardening.